Nothing warms the cockles of my heart more than being guaranteed something. When I buy a laptop I like to pay a little extra for a guarantee. Usually what’s guaranteed is that two years down the road I get to endlessly haggle over who’s responsibility it is to fix a broken part. When I’m driving my car I have a big smile on my face because I know that I pay a fortune each month for a guarantee. If I get into an accident, I am guaranteed to be drawn into a lengthy legal battle over what my insurance is covering. Even death’s guarantee can be cheated with some stem cells. Luckily for my cockles, the world of finances has concrete guarantees, such as the Guaranteed Investment Certificate (GIC). Also know as Certificate of Deposit (CD) in the United States.
GICs are products offered by your local bank in order to “encourage” you to invest. Bankers aren’t entirely delusional, they understand that sooner or later people will wise up to the fact that high-interest bank accounts are slowly draining away at their savings. So for those smarty pants, GICs offer a better return than a savings account. There’s a variety of GIC options out there but they all boil down to the same principal. When investing in a GIC, you lock up your money for a specific time period. The return will depend on your initial investment and how long you are willing to let the bank hold it. For a 5-year GIC, you will get a return every single year but it will be greatest for the 5th year. Withdrawing the money earlier will incur a penalty and likely wipe out any gains.
Here are some Canadian GIC comparisons: http://www.redflagdeals.com/features/canadian-mortgage-gic-rrsp-savings-rate-comparison/canadian-gic-rates-annual/
Here are some American CD comparisons: http://cdrates.bankaholic.com/
The bad news for the consumer is that GICs barely beat the returns of a savings account. Even here it seems guarantees aren’t all they’re hyped up to be. Why should you use GICs? If you have the risk-tolerance of a retired librarian, keep your kids in a giant bubble or wear a bulletproof vest while shopping for sofas, then this option is for you. Similarly, if you want to keep a certain amount of money safe (down-payment on a house) you can stuff it into GIC until you are ready to use it. Just remember to load your GICs into a TFSA because any return earned on them will be taxed.
And for God’s sake let the kids out to play!
What’s the point of saving money? Being debt-free is nice and it’s always rewarding to see a growing number on your ATM receipt. What’s the point of spending money? Getting to drive stupidly fast cars, having breakfast on an enameled lava counter-top and wearing a Gucci jockstrap (yet it’s still uncomfortable). Unless you have a juicy inheritance coming your way, keep driving that KIA, eat breakfast off those disposable plastic plates (which you keep reusing) and kiss that jockstrap goodbye (not literally I hope). Mo’ money can only be made from an an initial investment (savings), which then begets Mo’ money and after that you might start seeing Mo’ problems.
The basic way to earn steady cheddar is also the most sombering because of the pathetic returns. A high-interest savings account will immediately pay you a monthly sum just for being a good boy/girl and putting away money for a rainy day. The vig on these cash cows? As of today, 2%. Here is the proof: http://www.redflagdeals.com/financial/savings-accounts. Nevertheless, anything is better than nothing, things could be worse, right? And they are, for two very simple reasons. Inflation and taxes. Historically, the inflation rate is right around 3.25%, which means money is slowly losing value even if it is sitting in a savings account. Luckily if you’ve managed to beat the inflation rate and get a measly cash return, you actually get taxed on it! After all your hard work the government wants a piece of the action, it’s no wonder people are more interested in spending then savings.
I can’t help you with inflation because I don’t control the monetary policy. But, there’s a good way to avoid tax on savings and keep the mounties away from your pockets. A tax free savings account (TFSA) works the same as a savings account, except you do not have to pay taxes on any of the money earned. The account was invented in 2009 and since its inception Canadians are allowed to deposit up to $5,000 a year into it. If you open an account today, you will have a limit of $20,000 to deposit until the end of the year. This account is ideal for anyone starting to save. If miraculously you earn $1,000,000 from your initial deposit, you won’t pay a single cent upon withdrawing the cash. This is one of the few “breaks” we get, take full advantage of it and put all your savings into it. Next time you go to a cocktail party, tell the gal next to you that you’re working on topping up your TFSA for the year…stand back and prepare to get lucky!